Abdominal aortic aneurysm is an abnormal enlargement of the abdominal aorta, the blood vessel that supplies your abdominal organs. The aorta is the main blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood away from the heart to the different parts of the body. Aortic aneurysm is a condition characterized by an abnormal ballooning or bulging of a section of the aorta due to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel.
An aneurysm can develop anywhere along the aorta:
- Aneurysm that occurs in the segment of the aorta that transcends down the chest is called thoracic aortic aneurysm.
- Aneurysm that occurs in the segment of the aorta that passes through the abdomen is called abdominal aneurysm.
Treatment of Aortic Aneurysm
Endovascular stenting is usually recommended if conservative treatment measures have failed to relieve the symptoms of aortic aneurysm or there is a risk of rupture due to the large size of the aneurysm. The decision on endovascular stenting is based upon the aneurysm size and rate at which it is enlarging.
Before undergoing surgery, inform your doctor about any medications or supplements you are taking. You may need to discontinue certain medications. Also, inform your doctor about any existing medical conditions or illness. Avoid oral intake of any food or drink, including water, for about 9 to 12 hours before your surgery. Your prescribed medications can be taken along with a small sip of water.